The Government of R.I cq the Ministry of Maritime and Fishery (KKP) were still highly confident about overseas financing of the Coral Reef Rehabilitation and Management Program (coremap) phase III. The optimism was most reasonable because coral reef problem was part of the overall saving of marine biotic life of the world. In spite of the long and winding process, the past success of Coremap served as guarantee and assurance by the Indonesian Government for donor countries. The Asia Development Bank (ADB) and World Bank (WB) were positive about allocating for continuation of Coremap program. Meanwhile other donor countries like America, Australia and Japan were still examining various documents of program implementation. “They would see and analyze the policy of the Government of RI in regard to implementation of the Corernap program afield. There is a process to undergo, they don't simply give away fund” Toni Ruchimat of the Directorate of Sea, coastline and small Islands (KP3K) told Business-News (4/11).
Conservation of coral reefs was equal by importance to forest conservation, which eventually contributed to the effort of preventing global warming. Industrial countries, including Uni Europe and America were most concerned with this matter. The case could not be simply burdened on ex members of Coral Triangle Initiatives (CTI) Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Timor Lester, Papua New Guinea and Solomon islands. “Coral Reefs is the world’s problem, only incidentally coral recta are concentrated in CTI, but the concern should be global” Tony was quoted as saying.
The Amazon river, forestiIn Kalimantan and coral reefs In CTI were the lungs of the world. If destruction of nature were let to happen, not just CTI countries but the whole world would bear the consequences. Coral reefs were also the habitat and a place for fish seed and nursery, in fact conservation of the fish breeding nest of the world was highly reliant on the preserved condition of coral reefs. Fish of the world kept migrating, even from cold sea water to warm sea water. “Whales, tuna end other fish are migrating, using coral reefs as shelters”.
Meanwhile the Director General of KP3K Sudirman Saad saw four main problems which entangled coastal villages in Indonesia. Firstly, poverty among coastal communities which were still high, posted at 7 million people in 2010. Of that figure, for the most part were concentrated in 10,640 coastal villages (Central Statistics Board 20101). Secondly, damage level of coastal resources was also still high and problematic. Thirdly, helplessness and dependence level of social organizations in the villages were high, the result was that coastal communities were having degradation of local cultural values. “Fourthly, poor infra structure in the villages and low health standard in the communities” Sudirman disclosed to Business News (14/11).
Four factors contributed to high vulnerability to natural disasters and weather change in the coastal villages. Based on that reality the Ministry of Maritime and Fishery (KKP) took the initiative to conduct an innovative program to energize coastal villages in Indonesia. “We are running a development program of coastal villages called PDPI.”
PDPT played a strategic role in the development process. Firstly it was a sound implementation of 11 national priorities of Indonesia United Cabinet 2011-2014. PDPT was also an implementation of the President’s policy in regard to promoting and expanding propeople programs (particularly the program to promote fishermen’s welfare). Secondly, PDPT was realization of KKJP intervention in terms of managing and upgrading people-based rural life “Innovations which produced physical results would bring real benefit to the coastal communities”.
The Ministry of KKP also saw the process of indirect learning for the coastal communities and communities of the small islands wereby to find solution in fulfilling needs. PDPT had 5 objectives to pursue. Firstly, upgrading of welfare of the coastal communities. Secondly, upgrading of social economic facilities and infra structure. Thirdly, promoting quality of environment fourthly promoting people’s institutional capacity and that of the provincial Government in making decisions Fifthly, stepping up readiness in anticipating disasters and anomalous climate.
Business News - November 21, 2012