The money market
Rupiah exchange rate value against USD had been stable for 2 days at the level RP 10,000.-. In moody upswing for a moment to Rp 11,000.- but the cooled down again to Rp 10,900.- and remained settled still noon. BI’s decision to increase BI rate by 50 basic point to 7% served as good tonic for Rupiah. At the spot market, Rupiah strengthened by 3.08% to Rp 10,935 per USD against the previous position of Rp 11,265 per USD. Strengthening of Rupiah was already happening during closing session on Thursday [29/8] to the level of Rp 10,290.- per USD to the level of Rp 10,920 per USD.
The market responded positively to BI’s step to prepare fund of USD 12 billion [around Rp 132 trillion from Bilateral SWAP Arrangement /BSA with Bank of Japan to ease Rupiah restlessness. BI had extended BSA arrangement with BoJ representing Japan’s Finance Minister, to be effective per August 31, 2013.
Besides, BI rated the total for ex in store was still sufficient to withstand pressures on Balance of Payment. However the high degree of uncertainty of global economy in the future called for anticipative step. It was necessary to test effectiveness of the mixed policy and resilience in facing external turbulence, including second line defense in for ex sufficiency.
Beside BoJ, BI claimed they were probing for similar type off collaboration with other central banks in the region. This step complemented BI’s decision who had increased BI rate 50 bps to the level of 7% at the ad hoc meeting of BI’s Board of Governors on August 29, 2013. The decision was to anticipate inflation, Rupiah exchange rate value and deficit in current transaction. According to BI, increase of BI rate was necessary to cope with the dynamic national and global economy.
Meeting of the Board of Governors of BI on August 29, 2013decided to strengthen follow up of strategy mix as follows: Firstly, to increase BI rate by 50 bps to become 7%, Lending Facility [LF] interest by 25 bps to 7% and Deposit Facility Interest [DF] by % bps to 5.25%.
Secondly, to shorten time frame of month holding period of Indonesia Bank Certificate [SBI] from 6 months to 1 month.
Thirdly, to include Bank Indonesia Deposit Certificate [SDBI] as component of secondary Minimum Compulsory Giro [GWM].
Fourthly to foster inter-bank collaboration by extending Bilateral Swap Arrangement [BSA] between BI and BoJ representing the Finance Minister of Japan.
This follow up policy strengthened various policy mix previously stipulated, including overnight TD For ex [o/n], property credit and SBDI as per August 29 3012, expansion of FX swap as hedging instrument and Loan-to-Value Ratio of property credit and pipelining.
In response to the dynamic and fast changing national and global economy recently, the Board of Governors of BI felt it necessary to hold an extra monthly Board’s meeting [RDG] to thoroughly evaluate the monetary and marco economic condition and financial system which were under intensive pressure in line with mounting uncertainty of the global economy, high inflation expectation and disheartening condition of current transaction.
In particular, BI’s Board of Government was observing some important indicators of economy, monetary and finance. The continuing uncertainty of tapering of monetary stimulus by the Fed was constantly generating pressures on many countries. Capital outflow and increasing risk in investment caused downturn of share prices, increased bond’s yields and depreciation of currency value in nearly all emerging markets Indonesia no exception.
Heavy pressures on the global money market was happening amidst economic slowdown in the world and in Asia, including China and India and continuous downturn of primary commodity prices except oil, a condition which put pressures on Indonesia’s performance in trading and money market.
Pressures on Indonesia’s Balance of Payment was still continuing although at moderate intensity. Temporary data of import-export up to July 2013 had it that deficit in current transaction in quarter II-2013 came to 4.4% of GDP and was predicted to lessen to 3.4% GDP by quarter III - 2013.
Deficit was mainly in oil-gas trade balance, due to still high import of oil for domestic consumption. On the capital and financial side, surplus was reckoned to originated from foreign capital entering in the form of PMA and portofolio investment especially in State’s Promissory Notes [SBN] amidst outflow portofolio investment a the stock market. The condition was expect to balance up Indonesia’s Balance of Payment and stability of for ex reserves.
Inflation by consumer’s index [IHK] on y o y basis would still be high; but by m-t-m basis, inflation by IHK in August would by far be lower than last June, and was predicted to be back un the normal platform as per September next. As a whole, by considering realization until July and the coming months, BI predicted inflation by IHK by end of 2013 would be around 9.0% - 9.8%.
High inflation originated from volatile foods and administered prices while inflation was relatively under control. Rupiah weakening was still continuing, by external cause the way it was happening in all emerging markets, or by domestic deficit in current account, or inflation.
However, Rupiah vulnerability was still high, as reflected in high volatility and board trading width, among others due to market players’ reaction which tend to be overshooting. Economic activity was showing sign of slowdown as effect of world’s economic slowdown.
Up to Semester I-2013, Indonesia’s economic growth was posted at 5.9%, down against 2012 which was posted at 6.2%. the trend of downturn was predicted to continue through Semester II-2013 especially in non-building investment and private consumption. As a whole, BI estimated economic growth 2013 would descend to 5.8% - 6.2%.
Liquidity in the money market or in the bank-ing sector remained protected. Development of PUAB overnight interest remained stable at round 4.8% without significant posted increase in lending transaction at the money market. The well maintained banking liquidity was reflected in liquidity instrument ratio against third party fund which was safeguarded.
Bank’s resilience remained strong, among others as seen in high capital ratio and low cases of Non Performing Loan. Meanwhile growth of bank’s credit was still on the level of 19.6% [y o y] in mid August 2013, following the slowdown trend at home.
As a whole, BI rated the process of national economic adaptation to economic slowdown was apparently happening. This was strongly related to monetary policy mix and macro-prudential policy adopted by BI or coordinative steps with the Government or activities at the Financial System Stability Coordination Forum [FKSSK].
BI’s statement to constantly evaluate global economic development and its impact on national economic performance and readiness to take follow up measures to support the policy mix, comforted the market. Moreover on August 15, 2013 BI had schemed up follow up policy.
Firstly, BI expanded time frame for Forex Term Deposit which was today 7,14, end 30 days to 1 day to 12 months. The policy was designed to diversify tenure of forex placement by banks at Bank Indonesia.
Secondly, BI was relaxing stipulations for forex buying for exporters who had made sales of Export-based Forex [DHE]. The objective was to allow convenience for exporters to make forex buying by using forex sales as under laying document.
Thirdly, Bank Indonesia was synchronizing stipulations of Forex Swap between BI and banks treated as pas-on transaction by bank with related agencies. The objective of this policy was to deepen derivative transactions.
Fourthly, BI was relaxing stipulations on overseas debt [ULN] by adding more exception types of bank’s short term foreign debt in the form of Rupiah Giro [Vosto] belonging to citizens who accommodated devastation fund from direct inclusion, buying of shares and/or Indonesian corporate bonds and State’s Promissory Notes [SBN]. The objective of this policy was to manage forex demand by non-residents without disregarding bank’s prudence in making overseas borrowings.
Fifthly, BI issued Certificate of Deposito Bank Indonesia [SDBI]. The objective of the policy was to allow broader rooms for banks to manage Rupiah liquidity through tradable instruments, which would in turn encourage to deepen the money market.
BI’s next policy of August 15 and 29, 2013 was expected to synergize with the Policy Package run by the Government on August 23, 2013. Somehow the market was still waiting for follow up of Government’s policy which was more operational. If all go well, we might expect Rupiah to again strengthen in the range of Rp 10,750 – Rp 10,850 last weekend [30/8] in the range of Rp 10,500 – Rp 10,700 over the week. The point was that the market would respond positively to seriousness of BI and the Government in responding to external threat.
The Capital Market
Just like Rupiah waking up, index of IHSG was also rising by 38 points thanks to investor’s buying spree. Foreign investors who previously released their shares were now seeking for cheap shares. Starting the session last weekend [30/8], IHSG was opened to slump by 6.123 points [0.15%] to the level of 4,097.470.
Negative sentiment from the region generated pressures to index movement. Index tend to move flat in narrow range. Market players were still hesitant to make transactions as the global economic situation was not contusive to business transaction. Not too long there after acts of buying mounted, bringing index back to the green zone. Index managed to climb up to its highest position at 4,159.127.
During closing session of Session I Last weekend [30/8], IHSG rose by 38.321 points [0.93%] to the level of 4,141.914. Meanwhile index of LQ 45 strengthened by 6.438 points [.95%] to the level of 686.451. Looks like foreign investors were tired of selling shares and started to seek for cheap shares. The buying spree might make index to be buoyed high. Eight out of ten industrial sectors at the stock hall managed to strengthen by more than 2% on the average.
Today’s transaction was quite merry with frequency of 122,024 transactions at the volume of 2,664 million shares worth shares worth Rp 3,084 trillion. 150 shares rose, the remaining 87 shares dropped and 73 shares remained stagnant.
In general IHSG strengthened after BI announced increase of BI rate by 50 basic points to 7%. Evidently during session on Thursday [29/8] IHSG strengthened by 77.12 points or increasing by 1.92% to become 4,103.59. As recorded there were 199 shares which rose, 67 shares went down and 83 shares stood still. All sectors were in the green zone, including the financial sector which was previously in the red zone. Buying spree by domestic investors had jacked up IHSG as positive response to BI’ policy to increase BI rate.
Meeting of BI’s Board which was suddenly conducted decided to increase BI rate by 50 bps to become 7%. While setting BI rate, BI also increased interest of Lending Facility [LF] by 25 bps to become 7%. All sectoral indices at the stock hall finally stocked together to strengthen. Domestic investors again prevailed in buying spree amidst act of selling by foreign investors.
Meanwhile Asian stock markets tend to move the mixed way. Regional market players were still cautions due to conflict in Syria, Index of Composite Shanghai rose by 5.15 points [0.25%] to the level of 2,102.38. Index of Hang Seng thinned out by 13.68 points. [0.06%] to the level of 21,691.10. index of Nikkei inched down by 63.14 points [0.47%] to the level of 13,396.57. Index of Straits Times inched up by 1.23 points [0.04%] to the level of 3,039.26.
The good news was that stock markets in the USA were also rushing to the green zone during closing session on Thursday [29/8]. Dow Jones Industrial average [DJIA] moved up by 16.44 points or 0.11% to the level of 14,840.95. Index of S&P 500 inched up by 3.21 points or 0.2% top 1,638.17 and Nasdaq in the technology sector moved positively by 26.95 points or 0.75% to 3,620.3
Wall street was moving with the war in Syria as catalysts. Last week the US Government and their allies were ready to attack Syria in response to the issue that the Syrian Government was using poisoned gas to attack civilians. The White House made a statement that America was considering a decisive policy against Syria if the use of poisoned gas were proven. Vagueness of the power of the West generated anxiety among market players which made investors take act of profit taking.
The US Commercial Dept stated that economic growth in the USA in quarter II of this year was posted at 2.5% or higher than the earlier estimate of 1.7%. The strengthening domestic consumption and high export were the underlying factors of economic growth, which in quarter I was below that level. Some analysts stated the market was still confused about President Barrack Obama’s plan to attack Syria.
Positive sentiment also come from Regulators of Financial Service Authority [OJK] which insisted 3 State Owned Companies [BUMN] to buy back shares. Today price of eminent shares tend to weaken, but fundamentally still showing positive performance.
Players of the stock market rated the new OJK regulations on buying back shares as positive to hold back IHSG pressures and the Security Exchange [BEI]. Shares index already stepped down since mid My last. Buy back of shares was expected to be welcomed by market players; falling if indices must not continue.
Word was out that that three MNC Group Subsidiary companies would buy back shares. Liquidity condition of companies under MNC Group were safe so the plan should pose as no problem. The three companies doing buy back were PT Global Mediacom Tbk [BMTR], PT MTR Investama Tbk [BHIT] and PT Media Nusantara Citra Tbk [MNCN]. The reason for doing buy back was because they believed it would bring added value to MNC Group.
Word was out that PT Bank Mandiri Tbk [BMRI] was still considering and observing investors’ preference at the stock market before doing buy back. The bank’s management would calculate the advantages and disadvantages of buy back. By theory, buy back would have positive impact if price of company’s shares [BMRI] was below book value. Last Thursday [29/8] price of BMRI shares was closed to strengthen by 50 points to become Rp6,950 per share. Previously, the plan to buy back shares was dominated by BUMN eminent like PT Semen Indonesia Tbk [SMGR], PT Tambang Batubara Bukit Asam Tbk [PTBA]and PT Telekomunikasi Indonesia Tbk [TLKM]. However, since the regulation of buy back without Extraordinary Meeting of Shareholders [RUPS] was only effective per August 26 2013, many private emitents were attracted.
Business News - September 4, 2013