United Nations on Drugs and Crime (UNODE) saw that there was not a single country in the world which could serve as model of corruption eradication system in Indonesia. Improved performance of the Police Force as initial step of corruption eradication effort in Hong Kong some decades ago was not necessarily right to be adopted by Indonesia. Duty of the Police Force as an institution in Indonesia was different from that of nearly all countries in the world. “So there is not a single system of any country in the world which is even close to the condition in Indonesia. The reformation process of the Police in Hong Kong and Indonesia could not be generalized. This is still only one aspect of the police function, not as yet to mention the judiciary institution, the Ministry of State Apparatus Reformation and Bureaucracy etc” Monica Tabuhandaru, Project Coordinator UNODO disclosed to Business News (3/8).
Hong Kong was a country which had successfully reformed their Police Force to fight corruption in Hong Kong some decades ago. Meanwhile Singapore succeeded but it was thanks to the role of ex-Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew who always appeared simple in his daily Life. “Japan, Korea and America also succeeded but the method are different than that in Hong Kong and Singapore. Japan saw that corruption caused high cost to their export products. Corruption could also cause poverty so it should be fought. In America corruption is even regarded as equal to violation of Human Rights. Indonesia could not simply adopt foreign ways, but in any country there are lessons learned for the respective countries” Monica remarked.
The role of Police in Europe was way different from that in Indonesia. The Police as security apparatus faced heavier challenges of different aspects. Policemen were stations in certain regions where there was not even a Court of Justice. So far judicial institutions were only existent up to the level of residence and towns. “Meanwhile a policeman’s salary was only around Rp 2 million and social complexity was mounting up. There were labor conflicts, land disputes and other which were now spreading far into the rural areas. But in big cities like Jakarta, police’s task was even more different. UNODC once conducted intensive survey on police performance. It was unveiled that there were sectoral police stations (station A) manned by 120 policemen, but there were also other stations manned by 20 persons. “But UNODC survey unveiled that Police Station B of 20 men performed better than police station A of 120 men. The survey was not loosely run. We cannot mention the address of the said station. Survey outcome underscores that reformation but also leadership quality of the commanders”.
Meanwhile the Ministry of Maritime and Fishery (KKP) was getting more serious about national strategy implementation on the prevention of abuse and blackmarketing of narcotics (P4GN) such was in accordance with the message of Presidential Instruction No. 12/2012. The National Board of Narcotics (BNN) signed Memorandum of Understanding with the Minister of Maritime and Fishery Sharif C. Sutardjo. “Drug abuse must be fought against in tandem with post rehabilitation plan. Rehabilitation plan includes Logistics provision, accompaniment and development of maritime and fishery techniques and making of anti-drug cadres” Minister Sharif disclosed to Business News (13/8).
The Ministry of M & F and BNN planned to conduct training sessions in maritime and fishery techniques for drug-abuse victims. Those were the foundation and basic asset for both institutions to constantly foster collaboration. The new modus of operandi of drug smuggling very often used fishermen’s traditional boats. Quite frequently traditional fishermen were used as couriers. A modus as such was using fishermen and ships crew who never know the dangers of such of crime.
Indonesia being the world’s greatest archipelago had numerous harbors, wharfs and quays used as gate of entry to accommodate traffic of goods from other islands or countries. This Indonesian waters being identified, there were at least 200 points of entry that could be used as smuggling channels. Stringent control over small harbors would strengthen control over international drugs traffic movement.
Business News - August 8, 2012