White snapper would be one alternative commodity of mariculture. The Directorate General of Aquaculture (DJPB) through the Mariculture Center (BPBL) Batam has mastered the technology of white snapper hatchery and breeding, the technology will be disseminated to the public so that white snapper aquaculture business will be more efficient and profitable. Currently, white snapper selling price in the market is also quite competitive, around IDR 60,000 – 70,000 per kilogram. With cultivation period of about 6 months from size of stocking seed of up to 500 gram or two heads per kilogram.
The Ministry of Maritime Affairs and Fisheries (MMAF) is optimistic that aquacultured snapper production target of 590,000 tons for 2019 can be achieved through the development of hatchery technology. Slamet Soebjakto, Director General of Aquaculture of MMAF in Jakarta, Friday (September 25), said that MMAF set a target of 17% growth in snapper production per year until 2019. If the target for this year is 312,500 tons, then in 2019 production is expected to reach 590,000 tons.
MMAF, said Slamet, is to boost snapper production with diversification and mariculture commodity technology. Meanwhile, one type of snapper that became the mainstay is white snapper. To that end, MMAF has developed Demonstration Farm (Demfarm) of white snapper farming with floating fish net (KJA) in Belawan waters, North Sumatra. Demfarm is performed involving Putra Jala Senastri Aquaculture Group and conducted in 36 holes of KJA.
According to him, white snapper being chosen as one alternative crop of mariculture is based on many factors. Because white snapper seeding and enlargement technology has been mastered by DJPB through BPBL Batam and because the resale value is promising. BPBL Batam will continue to be prepared to disseminate the technology by Demfarm system so that the cultivation of white snapper can be done efficiently and profitably.
Exports of white snapper are increasingly promising as exports of groups were disrupted due to the weakening of Indonesian import demand. White snapper was increasingly promising because the needs of the local market is very huge and its exports can increase to many countries. The results of survey overseas, he revealed that white snapper market can be to many countries, namely Australia, the Middle East, Europe and the United States.
Slamet admitted the potential of mariculture area which is located in different areas in the country, only 2% that has been utilized. Therefore, there has to be a maximum role to optimize utilization. Currently the potential of Indonesian mariculture area reached 4.58 million hectare. In fact, there are many prospects for the development of aquaculture business, which can be done from the coastline area to Indonesian offshore area. He also reminded that the development of aquaculture is line with the vision and mission of the Working Cabinet to boost the sea to become a source of national economy in the future and making Indonesia the World Maritime Axis.
To that end, Slamet said, MMAF will develop some leading commodities, such as seaweed, which in the future will be developed for the coastline area of up to 4 miles. As for the area above 4 miles, marine aquaculture can be developed by using floating fish net (JKA) with commodities adapted to the conditions of each region. He explained that example of aquaculture which can be developed in each of these regions are, among others, snapper, grouper, star pomfret, abalone or tuna. In addition, mariculture commodity is an export commodity which is greatly demanded by foreign markets which are still wide open. (E)
Business New - September 30, 2015