The Indonesian and Malaysian governments agreed on a reciprocal agreement not to arrest each other’s trespassing fishermen whose boats were under 5 gross tonnage and caught in illegal fishing. “We would not arrest Malaysian fishermen trespassing our water territories, and vice versa, but this applies only to small fisherman boats below 5 GT weight. “The Secretary General of the Ministry of Maritime and Fishery [KKP] Sjarief Widjaja disclosed to Business News [21/7].
The agreement was reasonable since life at sea was characterized by migration of fish. Exodus of fish from one region to another was a process of adaptation to the condition of nature. When in one area fish were not found, it meant they were migrating to other zones. Fish migrated for breeding, to seek for food or trying to defend their lives. “If we claim: ‘these are our fish they are just wandering’ it’s only a joke. Very frequently fish from Medan wander to Malaysia, Fishermen cannot claim” for that matter Indonesia made a reciprocal agreement with Malaysia as told.
In the future Indonesia was preparing to make the same reciprocal agreement with other countries. Indonesia bordered with Papua new Guinea. Australia, the Philippines and Timor Leste so most probably collaboration agreement could be applied. The agreement was only for pure fishermen.
The reciprocal agreement was not applicable to fishermen who abuse their boats for illegal purposes like transporting illegal emigrants, or smuggling, or human trafficking.
Inspecting was exercised as ships anchored at harbor when officials examine their documents, to check whether their fishing equipments were in accordance with the data stated in the documents. As fishermen sailed and come back officials examined catch, and check whether they were distributed or used by the rule, after documents were checked.
The inspection procedure was in line with the Code of Conduct of Responsible Fisheries [CCRF] 1995, released by the Food and Agricultural Organization [FAO]. In CCRF 1995, FAO formulated the reference to be applied in countries all over the world on the management of fishery which was orderly, accountable and sustainable. Such could be realized through application of Monitoring Control and Surveilance [MCS].
Meanwhile the Director General of Hooked Fish Gellwyn Jusuf saw the need for re-orientation of development from internal management to integration and harmonization of boats must be able to catch fish at longer distance; operation of boats of wider exploration reach and catching capacity up to Exclusive Economic Zone [ZEE]” Gellwyn stated to Business News [21/7].
Development of harbor facilities and infrastructure must reach outer borderline. While functioning as embarking facility for fishermen’s boats the harbor was facility for anchorage of ships for monitoring illegal ships. “Ships which were not clear would have their fish confiscated and be grounded at harbor.”
Besides safeguarding souvereignity, IUU Fishing could also promote economy of the coastal and small island communities. So far the fisherman and coastal people had obstacles in distributing their products by inferior harbor facilities. “By 2015 next, we would plan to make developments in Ranai Natuna, Riau Islands.”
The Ranai airport is in the regency of Natuna, Natuna islands and South China Sea [SCS/South China Sea] which was rich in fish resources. We were afraid there would be fishermen doing IUU Fishing. Many countries were constantly aiming at the rich sea resources in South China Sea. (SS)