The business world questioned the readiness of support areas around Jakarta, such as Bogor, Depok, Tangerang, and Bekasi, associated with the readiness to face the AEC (ASEAN Economic Community) in 2015. It was conveyed by Vice Chairman of Finance, Banking and Investment of the Indonesian Chamber of Commerce and Industry (KADIN) of Jakarta Province, Irwan Hutasoit, on Monday (May 5).
With the position of the Greater Jakarta area, Jakarta is very strategic as a financial and government center, including the availability of skilled workforce to fill important positions. Procurement of skilled labor becomes one of the challenges that must be prepared to face AEC in 2015.
Why is that so? Because one of the challenges faced by Indonesia in general, and Jakarta in particular, is among others, because there are fears over unemployment increase in Indonesia if Indonesian workers do not have an international-standard professional certification. In the end, positions or important positions in Indonesia will be occupied by professional workers from the Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam, or other ASEAN partner countries.
KADIN of DKI Jakarta is the most concerned about the influx of workers from Vietnam and Myanmar, because workers of the two countries have a quite high productivity. Even, nurses from Malaysia have much higher skill than Indonesian nurses. Ironically, they are willing to open training school for Indonesian nurses, Irwan added.
Hence, there is also concern that Indonesia will only be a market for the entry of foreign workers. They will master a number of business activities in the production of goods, services, investment, skilled labor and capital, and business people. That's why Indonesia needs to fortify itself by holding more intensive training for skilled workers.
The establishment of AEC 2015 is an opportunity for the people of Jakarta to expand their businesses more broadly to the ASEAN region. ASEAN is a powerful force with the potential population of 600 million people, with GDP reaching USD 2.3 trillion, abundant natural resources, integrated production base, geographical closeness to one other, relatively affordable wages, qualified resources, and relatively progressive liberalization policy.
According to Vice Chairman of Organizational Division of KADIN DKI Jakarta, Berry B. Purba, the government is expected to publish policies that can facilitate the flow of trade and human mobility, infrastructure development, and the readiness of the businesses to face AEC. Because in entering the ASEAN single market, the government is no longer able to provide protection to businesses. Thus, if the businesses were unprepared, the position of Indonesia will be left behind, and this country will just become a market for the entry of other ASEAN products.
Regarding doubts about the competence of Indonesian workers, it was once stated by Chairman of the Indonesian Textile Association (API), Ade Sudrajat. According to him, with a free circulation of people in this country, it will be a problem because Indonesian workers do not have sufficient competence and there is also a cultural friction among the different communities in the country. It will be a problem because the Indonesian people not yet have the skills needed to face AEC 2015.
And, to deal with the implementation of AEC, the government through the Ministry of Industry had conducted a variety of preparations by cross-sectoral efforts and policies, among others, intensifying socialization of AEC 2015 to industry stakeholders, adding test laboratories, improving human resource competence, preparing Indonesian National Work Competency Standards (SKKNI) in each industry sector, including strengthening SMEs and developing new entrepreneurs. (E)