Tuesday, 3 July 2012


State Minister of Environment, Balthasar Kambuaya, considers that Rio +20 consensus is a foundation to move forward to the future of the countries in the world, including Indonesia, in carrying out sustainable development. Development of human livelihood only happens when there is equilibrium among economic, social, and environmental aspects, said Balthasar as quoted in a Press Release sent to Business News (6/26).

Rio + 20 has agreed on The Future We Want document which will serve as a foundation for carrying out sustainable development. The document contains a common vision expected by the world and strengthening of commitment toward sustainable development (renewal of political commitment).

During the Rio + 20 Summit, President Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono, visited Indonesia Pavilion. The aim of the Pavilion is to communicate Indonesia’s efforts in sustainable development and to promote Indonesian culture. Performance of angklung art and traditional dance received a warm welcome from the international society. In this opportunity, two volumes of Overview of Indonesia’s Sustainable Development book which is a partnership between the Environment Ministry and the National Development Planning Board (Bappenas) were launched. Volume 1 presents how Indonesia has implemented sustainable development which consists of the key progress, the challenger, and the road to the future. Volume 2 presents a collection of best practices in sustainable development initiated by the society, private sector, and government. Since 1992, Indonesia has attempted to carry out sustainable development. Future challenges are getting bigger, but there are many opportunities for improvement. We are optimistic that Indonesia will become one of the big countries in the world in the implementation of sustainable development in the next decade.

Expectation for a sustainable development is accompanied with a consensus on the element of Green Economy in the context of sustainable development and poverty eradication. The Summit also expects that there will be an institutional framework for sustainable development, and framework of action and means of implementation.

Expert Staff of Environment Ministry explain in detail some elements of The Future We Want document which need attention: Firstly, Green Economy is one of the important tools in creating sustainable development and poverty eradication. This document also admitted that Green Economy is applied according to the requirement and condition of each country. It is also emphasized the need for action to change unsustainable one. To advance green economy pattern to a sustainable one. To advance green economy, capacity development through exchange of information, including financial, technical, and technology (networking and experience sharing at all levels) will be boosted to support countries in advancing sustainable development, including green economy. Countries are asked to support initiative toward a sustainable development. Besides advanced countries, middle-income countries have also been asked to support low-in-come and very low-income countries, Expert Staff of Environment Ministry for Economy and Sustainable Development, Dana A. Kartakusuma, told Business News. 

The second element is related to institutional framework for sustainable development at global level, including the strengthening of environmental pillar. There are two important decisions, namely: (a) Decision to launch inter-governmental process which is open, transparent, and inclusive under the United Nations General Assembly, (b) Concrete effort in strengthening and increasing of the role and function of United Nations? Environment Programmer (UNEP) based on the provisions set forth in The Future We Want document, (c) as a foundation for development of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), the document does not do listing on priority areas of SDGs, but more to the creation of arrangement mechanism. The most important thing is the launching of process of arrangement of SDGs by inter-government, transparent, and inclusive mechanism. It is mentioned that SDGs should be coordinated with the preparation of post-2015 (post Millennium Development Goals/MDGs).

And, the fourth element which needs attention is that this Document contains consensus on means of implementation of sustainable development, namely the launching of inter-governmental process to analyze funding demand and to prepare Sustainable Development Financing Strategy report to mobilize funding in the achievement of sustainable development, technology transfer commitment and increase of capacity for developing countries.    

Business News - June 29, 2012


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