Independent Integrated City (KTM) may be called as a breakthrough of the Manpower and Transmigration Ministry in the reformation era. In relation thereto, the transmigration program is better focused on efforts to create new entrepreneurs. Surely, the measure is rational and in line with the present need as most of the poor lives in rural areas. The reality has caused urbanization to continue uncontrollably thus bringing about social and economic impacts in rural and urban areas.
KTM constitutes a breakthrough expected to be capable of answering national issues. Since the agricultural land is located in rural areas, the development of KTM would be directly related to need of national food security development. How could national food security be realized if more farm land is left by farmers? In relations thereto, KTM must be able to restore attractiveness of the agricultural sector while boosting the birth of new entrepreneurs.
In addition, KTM should also be projected to become an instrument to ensure the equitable distribution of investment which has so far been centralized in urban areas, mainly Java. Here, the program is also expected to create energy capable of preventing urbanization from broadening. The birth of new entrepreneurs in KTM would contribute positively to poverty alleviation and creation of new job opportunities. In 2011, the number of unemployment in Indonesia totaled seven million. Without new job opportunity, the jobless people are predicted to increase in 2012.
KTM is a transmigration area expected to become a center of growth. To realize the obsession, it requires support of human resources, capital, infrastructure, natural resources and policies, which are integrated and have spirit of growth and equitable distribution. In the government language, KTM is projected to become an integrated development planning process. For the purpose, dozens of ministries and government institutions are involved to support the realization of the obsession.
We want to affirm that regardless of the obsession and goal which would be accomplished by KTM, it must lead to the development of national economic resilience fully supported by inner strengths based on communities. It’s the highest expectation we must set. In this context, surely investment is badly needed. However, the investment must be able to ascertain the involvement and accommodate rights and interests of local communities. Conflict costing lives in Mesuji is expected to not repeat anymore.
Recently, the Minister of Manpower and Transmigration granted award to 12 heads of regions (six governors and six regents/mayors). The award named Transmigration Award was granted to heads of regions becoming origin and destination of migrants. The granting of the award is acceptable because the flow of transmigration is highly determined by commitment of regional governments to boosting people fulfilling the right to migrate. The role of regional government overseeing the destination of transmigration is also ascertain that transmigration is not only movement of location but also life from poor to become alleviated from the poverty. Briefly, KTM should become a new area where the whole residents may undergo better livelihood.
At the end of this article, we may emphasize on several things. Firstly, KTM should become Unicom wherein social, economic and cultural interactions with other surrounding regions take place, which affirms the nature of Indonesia as an extremely heterogeneous nation. Secondly, the establishment of KTM in remote areas should result in effect of investment distribution from Java to outside Java, mainly Eastern Indonesia. Any of the distributed investment indicators is visible from contribution of region to GDP. Smaller contribution of a region means lower economic activity in the region, as a consequence of low investment and vise versa.